Electricity problems at home can be quite unnerving and it can be frustrating when it occurs at midnight especially in summers. An electrician may not be obtainable at all hours. So a basic knowledge about residential wiring and shared electricity problems can help you by the havoc. A basic understanding is all that you require. However, avoid solving these issues if they are at greater risk because no matter how much knowledge you have, experience can put you on lacking ground.
Understanding residential wiring
Mostly home electricity is provided with two hot wires and one neutral coming into them which supplies you a voltage of 240/120 volts. However, the basic voltage is slightly less which is around 230/110 volts. This strength supply is called single phased strength.
You might be aware of alternating current which is taught in physics. So, the strength coming to your home is indeed alternating. In shared language, alternating current allows electricity to be transported along long distances. Hence, it is possible for the strength department to provide you with electricity.
Now coming to wiring systems again, if you notice only one hot wire along with neutral then you might be getting a strength of only 115 volts. It all depends on the wiring system. This kind of wiring, however, is mostly seen in electrical devices. Few exceptions like dryer or hot water tanks use both hot and neutral wires use up to voltage of 230 volts.
Basic things to know before working on them
I know, this is highly fascinating but do not tear your electrical devices to see the wiring or your residential strength supply because it can be life threatening. Always remember to switch the circuit off before working on them already if the strength is down. Keep your contact voltage tester with you. Look at the wirings carefully, it is highly possible to have more than one circuits in a single box. Find the one that you switched off. Wiring system is complicate so do not rush and double check yourself.
Working with electricity is dangerous than any task and comes with unfavorable outcomes. So, use safety gears. If you do not have one then simply use rubber slippers. They will protect you from electric shocks.
Secondly, every home is provided with a “main service panel” which contains circuit breakers or fuses for maintaining the electricity at your home. Whenever strength goes off, check the service panel because in case it might be disconnected.
With this shallow knowledge you will be able to fix minor problems. Do not take risk of solving the major issues as it can be hazardous.