Lung Cancer Screening At Hospitals
Hospitals all over the country offer screening for lung cancer. According to the CDC, the choice to get screened should be an educated one.
Lung Cancer Screening
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in America for both men and women. According to recent estimates, the lung cancer accounts for over 150,000 deaths each year, more than the next three leading causes (colon, breast, and pancreatic cancer) combined. This is a worrying occurrence, undoubtedly precipitated by an individual’s rate of tobacco smoking, in addition as by factors related to air pollution, such as car exhaust, industrial emissions, and other emissions that can blanket cities in thick smog. It is a serious epidemic that has long-lasting effects on everyone diagnosed, already if the symptoms are identified early on. As a consequence, testing for lung cancer is very important. Many hospitals offer free screening, and it is highly advisable to go by screening if you are at risk.
Who is at risk?
As with most serious diseases, many people would rather not let in that they are at risk for lung cancer. While understandable, this knee-jerk aversion must be stopped. Many people would greatly assistance from an early diagnosis, because modern medical techniques can greatly assist those who are diagnosed. According to the CDC, people with a heavy history of smoking who nevertheless continue to smoke should be tested at one of their local hospitals. This includes people who have stopped smoking within the last 15 years, in addition as people between the ages of 55 and 80 who have smoked in the past. Heavy smoking is defined as 30 pack-years, or 30 years of smoking a pack a day.
Why shouldn’t everyone be tested?
With a disease as great as lung cancer, it might seem surprising that the CDC doesn’t recommend that every American be tested. However, the test has its own risks, which can be harsh and are, at any rate, grounds for caution. The first risk is a false-positive test consequence. A false-positive consequence occurs if the test indicates that the patient has the disease when in fact they do not. This sort of consequence can consequence in over-testing and already unnecessary surgery.
The second risk is the over-diagnosis of lung cancer, which occurs when the patient has lung cancer, but the tumor is completely benign and will not cause the patient any problems. These situations often consequence in unnecessary treatments.
Finally, there is the issue of radiation exposure. The only test recommended by the CDC is called “low-measure computed tomography,” or a CT examine. A CT examine involves an X-ray machine that uses low doses of radiation to take pictures of the lungs. The radiation from a CT examine can cause cancer, already in healthy people, if the test is repeated too often. For these reasons, medical professionals only recommend that people commit to regular screenings if they are at risk. Be sure to look for hospitals that follow the CDC’s recommended practices.