History of Jodhpur Princely State Coins

History of Jodhpur Princely State Coins

Mewar was the former princely state of Jodhpur and was located in the west of Rajasthan. The Northwestern part of Mewar is dominated by the Aravalli vicinity, which has been described as the most distinctive vicinity of Rajasthan.

At one time there was a wide range of coins and currencies minted in this vicinity. The earliest coins of Mewar are those of Ajit Singh, who had captured Ajmer in the year 1720. Ajit Singh was the ruler in the years 1679 to 1724.

The actual coins of the Jodhpur state commenced during the decline of Mughal strength in India. In the beginning of the 19th century there were five main mints that were active in Mewar. Out of these five mints, four mints belonged to the Jodhpur state and the fifth one belonged to the feudal Chief of Kuchaman.

Coins were hit in a variety of metals, including gold, silver, and copper. Gold coins were hit only at the Jodhpur city mint. The first gold coin was stuck in the year 1781 and the same die was used for minting silver varieties. However, later on separate dies were used to prepare gold coins. The weight of these gold coins was 11.01gms. The Gold mohurs were minted earlier than 1781. The earliest mohurs observed were made in the name of Alamgir II.

The Bijayshahi silver coins that were hit at the Jodhpur city mint weighed 11.43gms out of which 11.01gms was pure silver and 0.42gms was an alloy. The rupee issued from Sojat contained 95.25% silver and 4.75% copper.

The Bijayshahi copper coins were commonly known as Dhabushahis or takkas. These coins were heavy in weight and were approximately 20 to 21gms. The Dhabushahis coins were mainly hit at Jodhpur, Sojat, and Pali.

Another great variety of coins is the Nazarana coins. These were offered to the ruler during a Darbar and hence were known as nazaranas. In Jodhpur, these Darbars were held six times in a year on the most auspicious days.

On the event of the festivals of Jodhpur, these nazaranas were offered to the Maharaja or the King. The Nazars or nazaranas were either gold or silver and they were obtained from the mint.

Nazaranas are special pieces that were usually stuck to show the complete die. However, nazars of various different shapes too existed like square, octagonal, etc. If an ordinary person wanted to buy these nazars then they had to pay an additional cost. This is because the cost of minting a large flan coin with complete die was a little additional. Hence, these coins have now become popular and are in need among collectors.

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