Basics of Arduino Nano

Basics of Arduino Nano

Hello friends, I hope you all are doing great. In today’s tutorial, I am going to proportion basic details of Arduino Nano Board. I have chosen this topic as it’s a most commonly used Microcontroller board because of its flexibility, small size and cheapness. additionally, it’s also a best microcontroller board for engineering students to design their Final Year and Semester Projects. So let’s have a look at its basic features, similarities and capabilities:

Basics of Arduino Nano

  • Arduino Nano is a Microcontroller board designed and manufactured by Arduino company.
  • Microcontroller used in Arduino Nano is Atmega328, which is also used in Arduino UNO. The only difference is Nano has its SMD form while in UNO its in DIP form.
  • The operating voltage varies from 5V to 12V.

Now let’s have a look at its basic features:

Basic Features of Arduino Nano

  • It has 22 I/O Pins in total and 14 of these pins are digital while the remaining 8 pins are analog.
  • It has 6 PWM Pins among 14 digital pins.
  • Analog Pins of Nano has a resolution of 10 bits and its value changes from 0 to 1024 and in terms of voltage it varies from 0V to 5V.
  • It has a crystal oscillator of 16MHz.
  • In order to upload code in it, we have to use Mini USB Pin connected on it.
  • It supports different protocols for communication, which are:
  1. Serial Protocol.
  2. I2C Protocol.
  3. SPI Protocol.
  • Flash memory of Nano is 32kb and this is the memory where our uploaded code is stored.
  • Arduino Bootloader is pre installed on this board and this bootlaoder takes 2kb of its flash memory.
  • SRAM memory is 2kb.
  • It has an EEPROM memory of 1kb.

Now let’s have a look at its capabilities, so I am gonna have a look at few of its examples and applications.

Applications of Arduino Nano

It is a most widely used microcontroller board and if I am not wrong then it has literally replaced Arduino UNO because of its small size. In encased projects, size matters a lot, that’s why Nano is preferred over UNO. Now let’s have a look at few of its applications:

  • encased Systems.
  • Security Systems.
  • Automation Systems.
  • Medical Instruments.
  • Robotics.
  • Instrumentation.
  • Virtual Reality products.

Above mentioned applications are just the tip of ice berg as we have a lot. I hope you have enjoyed today’s tutorial, but if you have any questions or suggestions then please ask in comments and I will try my best to resolve them all. You should also have a look at Arduino Nano Pinout, if you are thinking of using it in your project.

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